Rates of malnutrition are high and access to health services are insufficient. Poor nutrition is a major threat to the survival and development of children aged under five in South Sudan. Nowadays South Sudan has more malnourished girls and boys under five than 10 years ago, due to the civil war that erupted in 2013, with at least 22% of children in the country malnourished. This is attributed to many factors including poor healthcare, poor child feeding practices, and food insecurity caused by conflicts, droughts, floods and food price shocks.
WASH coverage in the country is still very low. For example, basic water supply coverage is at 41%, basic sanitation coverage remains 11 % and 63% of the population have admitted to practicing open defecation according to the UNICEF, WHO 2019 Joint Monitoring Programme.
Additionally, 59 percent of the population lacks access to clean drinking water.